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Greedy Algorithm

Last updated Jan 25, 2023 Edit Source

A greedy algorithm(Greedy Method) is an algorithmic approach that follows the problem-solving heuristic of making the locally optimal choice at each stage with the hope of finding a global optimum. It iteratively makes one greedy choice after another, reducing each given problem into a smaller one. At each step, it makes a decision that seems to be the best at that moment, without considering the consequences for the future steps.

Usually, a greedy algorithm consists of 2 steps

  1. Sorting the provided data according to a chosen heuristic, this heuristic is differnt for each problem.
  2. Create a solution using the sorted array and some extra heuristics.

Even though in some cases they do not result in optimal solutions, it can be proven that they always find the optimal solution To prove the optimality of greedy algorithms, there are two methods:

Interactive Graph